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Archive for May 19th, 2011

Risk Factor - Bone Disease

Risk Factor - Bone Disease

Bone diseases are medical conditions which affect your bones, also called osteopathy.  Your bones are living tissues which rebuild constantly throughout your life.  There are many kinds of bone problems that can become risk factors for knee osteoarthritis.  Some common disorders for bones are listed below:

  • Paget’s Disease – a chronic condition that causes enlarged and deformed bones.  This disease is caused by a malfunction in the bone formation process.  New bone is poorly formed and may become weak and bend over time.
  • Bone Tumors – refers to abnormal growth of tissue within bone.  These growths can either be benign or cancerous.
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans– is a disorder of the joint where cracks form in the articular cartilage and underlying bone.  It i usually caused by blood deprivation to the bone causing the bone to die – a process called avascular necrosis.
  • Metabolic Bone Disease – this a generic term that refers to bone abnormalities caused by a variety of disorders.  Most often these disorders are caused by irregularities of minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, or vitamin D.
  • Lobstein Syndrome – Brittle Bone Disease or Osteogenesis Imperfecta – This is a congenital genetic bone disorder where people are born with defective connective tissue, or without the ability to make it.  This is caused by a defect in the gene that produces Type 1 collagen, an important component of bone.