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Archive for May 17th, 2011

Risk Factor - Inflammatory Joint Disease

Risk Factor - Inflammatory Joint Disease

There are different types of inflammatory joint diseases, and different reasons for their causes.  Inflammation generally describes swelling, pain, and redness.

  • Autoimmune – Inflammation is the result of the immune system mistakenly creating antibodies.  These antibodies attach themselves to tissues in the joints and become targets for the immune system to attack.  This confrontation causes the joints to become inflamed.  Examples are: rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and Reiter’s syndrome.
  • Septic Infection – Infection or bacteria in the bloodstream that is directly introduced to the joint by trauma or surgery can lead to this type of inflammatory joint disease.  If untreated a septic infection can lead to destruction or fusion of the joint.
  • Gout – A build up of uric acid can cause severe swelling and pain.  Fatty foods, genetic disposition and side-effects from medications are common causes.
  • Enteropathic – These inflammatory joint diseases are similar to autoimmune joint diseases with the exception that the intestines are involved.  Crohn’s disease and inflammatory bowel conditions can have arthritis symptoms as well.

Any of the above conditions can be a risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis.