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Obesity linked with osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis has several common risk factors.  Some of the risk factors you can change, some you can’t.

  1. Obesity – The more extra weight you carry the more stress you put on your knees.  Weight loss is one of the best ways to reduce your knee pain associated with osteoarthritis.
  2. Infection – An infection in your knee can destroy or weaken cartilage.
  3. Occupation – Do you squat, kneel, or bend a lot at work.  Repetitive stress on the knee joint can increase your likelihood of developing knee OA.
  4. Age – OA is “wear and tear” arthritis.  The older you are, the more you’ve used your knees.
  5. Gender – The shape of women’s hips make them more likely to develop knee OA.
  6. Genes – A family history of arthritis can mean you have a higher risk of arthritis hurting your knees.

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Osteophytes

Bone spurs or osteophytes are lumps of bone that grow on bones around the knee joint.  Osteophytes often grow beside joints affected by osteoarthritis.  Bone spurs can form on any bone and are most common in the neck.

Bone spurs don’t always cause symptoms, but can cause knee pain if they rub against bone or tissue, restrict movement, or affect nerves.

Osteophytes can reduce range of motion in the knee.  Knee pain relief caused by osteoarthritis.

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Knee Arthritis

A knee will get swollen, red, and warm.  These are all signs of inflammation.  There can also be creaking sounds, some people will actually feel the knee “catching” as the worn cartilage rubs together.  There can be a dull ache to sharp pain depending on how bad the arthritis is.  The knee can be stiff  and difficult to move.

Common symptoms are:  a gradual increase in knee pain, swelling, tenderness, buckling, locking, cracking, poor range of motion, loss of joint space, and knee deformities.

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Global Knee Brace

Weight loss and exercise are two of the best treatment options for knee osteoarthritis.  There are certainly drugs, injections, hyaluronic acid, and surgeries – all with their associated risks.  However weight loss and exercise are free – no insurance companies, no doctors, no pharmacies…just get up and walk.  However it can be a catch 22.  If your knee hurts, how can you walk?  A knee brace can be a great solution.  There are different types of knee braces for osteoarthritis.  Some knee braces require a prescription, some can be purchased in a sporting good store.  Some knee braces will be covered by your health insurance, and some won’t.  Check with your doctor about which knee brace is right for you.

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Knee OA

A doctor should examine your knee to diagnose knee osteoarthritis.  Your doctor will know your medical history and document any symptoms.  It is a good idea to keep a “pain diary” so you can explain to your doctor exactly when your knee hurts, and during which activities.  It may help to ask your family members if they experience knee pain.

Your doctor may order x-rays or MRI scans to take a look at the inside of your knee.  It’s important to start with your primary care physician and document each and every visit, treatment, and resulting tests and scans surrounding your knee pain.  Your health insurance will look to deny every claim you make.  Don’t take it personally, that’s just what they do.  Document every thing.  Every person you talk to, times, and dates.  Information is power when it comes to working with health insurance companies.

 



Knee Pain due to OA

Knee Osteoarthritis can have the following symptoms:

  • Pain – knee pain that increases during activity.  The pain can recede with rest.
  • Swelling
  • Warmth in the joint
  • Morning knee stiffness, or the knee may get stiff when sitting for a while
  • Mobility issues – it may be difficult to climb stairs, step up curbs, or get in and out of a car or chair
  • Cracking sounds when the knee bends

 



Knee Arthritis

Knee Arthritis

Age is the most common cause of knee osteoarthritis.  Just about everyone will develop some degree of osteoarthritis as they get older.   But there are factors that increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis earlier in life.

  • Age – the older you get get, the more brittle cartilage becomes.  It also is harder for cartilage to heal as you age.
  • Weight – The more you weigh, the more pressure you put on your knee joints.  Extra weight on your body means your knees have to work harder.
  • Heredity – Osteoarthritis can run in your family.
  • Injury – If you’ve had a knee injury you are more likely to develop knee osteoarthritis.
  • Gender – Women are more likely than men to develop knee OA.  It has to do with the shape of the hips.
  • Athletics – Athletes that engage in high-impact exercises over long periods of time can wear out their knees.
  • Other illnesses – Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, and metabolic disorders can predispose people to osteoarthritis.

 

 



Knee Therapy

Knee Pain from OA

 

Osteoarthritis, is also known as wear-and-tear arthritis.  It is a condition where cartilage, the natural cushioning between your bones, erodes.  When this occurs, the bones of the joints rub against one another with less cartilage to absorb the shock. The rubbing causes pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased ability to move and sometimes the formation of bone spurs.

There are many forms of arthritis – osteoarthritis is the most common.  Young people can get it, however the chance of developing osteoarthritis rises after age 45.   More than 27 million people in the U.S. have osteoarthritis.  The knee is the most commonly affected area.  Also, osteoarthritis is more common in women than men.

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A thumb brace or thumb splint is an effective way to treat CMC Arthritis, or basal joint arthritis.  The best braces will hold the thumb in a pain-free position.  Neoprene or fabric thumb braces will provide warmth and compression.  Do you experience pain when you pinch, like when you’re using a key or a pen?  Is the area around the base of your thumb tender when you press on or around the joint?  A brace may help.  A thumb brace is an inexpensive treatment alternative to surgery or medications.

Learn more about thumb splints.

 



Global Knee Brace

March 14, 2017

Global Knee Brace

Overview

  • For Bi-Compartmental OA
  • For Tri-Compartmental OA
  • Range-of-Motion Hinges
  • Provides Stability
  • Assists in Mobility

 

Description

The Global Knee addresses pain, provides stability, and assists in mobility.  There is often a significant amount of time that passes from when a patient is told they need to have their knee replaced and the actual surgery.  This knee brace helps patients during that time.

The Patella Sling controls the patella with an inferior to superior directional pull.  There are adjustable struts that can be molded with bending irons (not included) to accommodate swollen knees and apply a varus or valgus force.  There’s a removable buttress that can be adjusted for each patient’s needs.

Reinforced hinge pockets provide durability and double as a built-in pull-up assist.  The Global knee is constructed of breathable lycra urethane laminate and spacer fabric.  The range-of-motion hinges are slightly offset to accommodate inflamed bulbous knees.

Indications

  • Arthritis
  • Global Knee Pain
  • Bi-Compartmental OA
  • Tri-Compartmental OA

 

Sizing

Take two measurements.

Measure the circumference of the leg at the calf and thigh.

Size                    Calf Circumference       Thigh Circumference

X- Small                  11″ – 13″                             15″ – 17″

Small                    12.5″ – 13.5″                        16″ – 18″

Medium                13.5″ – 15.5″                        17.5″ – 19.5″

Large                    14.5″ – 16.5″                        18.5″ – 20.5″

X Large                 16.5″ – 19″                           19.5″ – 22″

2X Large               18″ – 20.5″                           20.5″ – 23″

3X Large               19″ – 22″                               24″ – 27″